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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Chile 2016

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Chile 2016

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress towards their environmental policy objectives. Reviews promote peer learning, enhance government accountability, and provide targeted recommendations aimed at improving environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data, and evidence-based analysis. Each cycle of Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD countries and selected partner economies.

This report is the second Environmental Performance Review of Chile. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on climate change and biodiversity conservation and sustainable use.

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Environmental performance: Trends and recent developments

Strong economic growth has helped Chile improve the well-being of its citizens. Economic growth, extraction of natural resources and rising resource and energy use have exerted increasing environmental pressures, however. This chapter examines Chile’s progress in decoupling economic activity from environmental pressures, focusing on the period since 2000. It presents the key socio-economic developments and reviews Chile’s progress in moving towards an energy-efficient and low-carbon economy; resource efficiency in material consumption and waste management; and sustainable management of the natural asset base, including biodiversity and water resources.

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