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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Chile 2016

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Chile 2016

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress towards their environmental policy objectives. Reviews promote peer learning, enhance government accountability, and provide targeted recommendations aimed at improving environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data, and evidence-based analysis. Each cycle of Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD countries and selected partner economies.

This report is the second Environmental Performance Review of Chile. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on climate change and biodiversity conservation and sustainable use.

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Environmental governance and management

Chile has significantly strengthened its institutional framework for environmental management and reinforced the regulatory framework for pollution control. Insufficient human and technical capacity and persisting socio-environmental tensions, however, generate implementation challenges. This chapter analyses Chile’s environmental governance system, including horizontal and vertical co-ordination mechanisms. It reviews the regulatory framework for environmental impact assessment and permitting, and discusses steps taken to improve compliance with environmental law. The chapter also assesses progress in promoting public participation in decision making and access to environmental information, education and justice.

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