OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030

image of OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030 provides analyses of economic and environmental trends to 2030, and simulations of policy actions to address the key challenges. Without new policies, we risk irreversibly damaging the environment and the natural resource base needed to support economic growth and well-being. The costs of policy inaction are high.

But the Outlook shows that tackling the key environmental problems we face today -- including climate change, biodiversity loss, water scarcity and the health impacts of pollution -- is both achievable and affordable. It highlights a mix of policies that can address these challenges in a cost-effective way. The focus of this Outlook is expanded from the 2001 edition to reflect developments in both OECD countries and Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China, South Africa (BRIICS), and how they might better co-operate on global and local environmental problem-solving.

"An indispensable addition to the expanding body of environmental literature...Essential"


English Also available in: French, German


The transport sector is the second largest (and second fastest growing) source of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. If developing countries follow the same path of private car dependence in the future as OECD nations have in the past, technological advances are unlikely to be able to offset the large increase in vehicle related emissions. Maritime shipping is another increasingly important source of environmental concern. Governments should prioritise policy action to reduce the energy intensity of transport. Policy options include applying carbon and fuel taxes, reforming vehicle taxation and regulating vehicle standards. Additional measures, such as implementing road pricing and investing in public transport infrastructure and spatial planning policies, can also help to improve the environmental performance of the transport sector.

English Also available in: French

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