OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030

image of OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030 provides analyses of economic and environmental trends to 2030, and simulations of policy actions to address the key challenges. Without new policies, we risk irreversibly damaging the environment and the natural resource base needed to support economic growth and well-being. The costs of policy inaction are high.

But the Outlook shows that tackling the key environmental problems we face today -- including climate change, biodiversity loss, water scarcity and the health impacts of pollution -- is both achievable and affordable. It highlights a mix of policies that can address these challenges in a cost-effective way. The focus of this Outlook is expanded from the 2001 edition to reflect developments in both OECD countries and Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China, South Africa (BRIICS), and how they might better co-operate on global and local environmental problem-solving.

"An indispensable addition to the expanding body of environmental literature...Essential"


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Globalisation is one of the key drivers of economic and environmental change. The interactions between globalisation and the environment occur at different levels, and the impacts can be both positive and negative. The quality of environmental governance at all levels is crucial for realising the potential environmental gains from globalisation. However, current environmental policies and institutions are not keeping pace with economic globalisation, especially in developing countries, and need to be reinforced. Better integration of environmental issues with trade and investment policies is needed. Governments have an important role to play in creating a framework that promotes and supports environmental innovation and the dissemination of more environmentally-friendly technologies in global markets.

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