OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030

image of OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030 provides analyses of economic and environmental trends to 2030, and simulations of policy actions to address the key challenges. Without new policies, we risk irreversibly damaging the environment and the natural resource base needed to support economic growth and well-being. The costs of policy inaction are high.

But the Outlook shows that tackling the key environmental problems we face today -- including climate change, biodiversity loss, water scarcity and the health impacts of pollution -- is both achievable and affordable. It highlights a mix of policies that can address these challenges in a cost-effective way. The focus of this Outlook is expanded from the 2001 edition to reflect developments in both OECD countries and Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China, South Africa (BRIICS), and how they might better co-operate on global and local environmental problem-solving.

"An indispensable addition to the expanding body of environmental literature...Essential"


English Also available in: French, German


This chapter examines the recent trends and future projections for energy demand and supply in different regions around the world to 2030. Despite continuing improvements in energy efficiency, world primary energy use is projected to grow by 54% between 2005 and 2030 under the Outlook Baseline. Fossil fuels are expected to continue to dominate the energy mix. Increasing energy production and use will affect the stability of ecosystems, global climate and the health of current and future generations. The chapter also outlines some of the key government policies that are needed to promote a lasting technology shift towards a more sustainable energy path, and examines some of the costs and environmental benefits of specific policy options.

English Also available in: French

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