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OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030

image of OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030 provides analyses of economic and environmental trends to 2030, and simulations of policy actions to address the key challenges. Without new policies, we risk irreversibly damaging the environment and the natural resource base needed to support economic growth and well-being. The costs of policy inaction are high.

But the Outlook shows that tackling the key environmental problems we face today -- including climate change, biodiversity loss, water scarcity and the health impacts of pollution -- is both achievable and affordable. It highlights a mix of policies that can address these challenges in a cost-effective way. The focus of this Outlook is expanded from the 2001 edition to reflect developments in both OECD countries and Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China, South Africa (BRIICS), and how they might better co-operate on global and local environmental problem-solving.

"An indispensable addition to the expanding body of environmental literature...Essential"

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Economic Development

This chapter highlights key trends and developments in the world economy to 2030 and outlines the consequences of the projected economic growth on the environment. The implications of productivity growth are examined at both the regional and sectoral levels. Given the projected expansion of the global economy to 2030, failure to act on environmental challenges will have even more impact in the future than it does today. Natural resource sectors will find demand increasing for their output as large economies like Brazil, the Russian Federation, India and China (BRIC countries) continue to experience rapid growth. Sectors such as agriculture, energy, fisheries, forestries and minerals will need to have strong policies in place to reduce the environmental impact of this rapid growth.

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