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OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030

image of OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030 provides analyses of economic and environmental trends to 2030, and simulations of policy actions to address the key challenges. Without new policies, we risk irreversibly damaging the environment and the natural resource base needed to support economic growth and well-being. The costs of policy inaction are high.

But the Outlook shows that tackling the key environmental problems we face today -- including climate change, biodiversity loss, water scarcity and the health impacts of pollution -- is both achievable and affordable. It highlights a mix of policies that can address these challenges in a cost-effective way. The focus of this Outlook is expanded from the 2001 edition to reflect developments in both OECD countries and Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China, South Africa (BRIICS), and how they might better co-operate on global and local environmental problem-solving.

"An indispensable addition to the expanding body of environmental literature...Essential"

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Air Pollution

This chapter focuses on projected developments in outdoor air pollution, especially particulate matter and ozone, and on urban air quality. It outlines projections of concentrations between 2000 and 2030, and summarises the impact of three policy simulations on air pollution emissions. Most OECD countries have reduced air pollution in recent decades, decoupling it from economic growth. However, pollution from other countries is increasingly undermining local urban air quality management, effectively making it an international issue. Paying greater attention to marine shipping, dealing with precursors of ground-level air pollution (such as methane) and taking into account the transport of air pollution from one continent to another in domestic air quality policies are all important in combating air pollution.

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