OECD Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels: Country Notes

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This new web format for Country Notes on Fossil Fuel Support provides interactive on-line access to the latest data from the OECD Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels by country – identifying and estimating the value of support arising from policies that encourage the production or consumption of fossil fuels. The web version allows users to download, share and play with the data. Interactive graphics enable data visualisation, in national currency, by beneficiary and by energy product. These Country Notes provide, for each of the 50 economies covered in the Inventory, a snapshot of energy market structure, the current state of energy prices and taxes, and recent developments and trends in fossil fuel support. Data and country notes for the EU Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries have been collected and prepared as part of the GREEN Action Task Force.



In 2021, Israel imported almost all of its coal as well as its primary and secondary oil product needs, with almost all coal supply used to generate electricity. Despite the current dependence to imports, the share of indigenous natural gas production is expected to increase following the relatively recent discovery of one of the largest known gas reservoirs in the world (the Leviathan), with production ramping up beginning in 2013. As of 2020, the field began commercial production of gas. Production levels from this field in 2021 were around 13 434 ktoe, about seven times the amount registered in 2012. In 2021, the country’s electricity output was mainly generated from natural gas (69%) and coal (23%), while at least 7% of it is generated from renewables. In 2019, the Israeli government announced its target to phase out coal-fired power generation by the end of 2025, five years earlier than the original target. To achieve this, the government plans to convert the Ashkelon coal-fired plant to natural gas by 2024 and the other two coal-fired electricity generation units at Hadera’s Orot Rabin plant to gas by the end of 2025.


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