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OECD Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels: Country Notes

image of OECD Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels: Country Notes

This new web format for Country Notes on Fossil Fuel Support provides interactive on-line access to the latest data from the OECD Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels by country – identifying and estimating the value of support arising from policies that encourage the production or consumption of fossil fuels. The web version allows users to download, share and play with the data. Interactive graphics enable data visualisation, in national currency, by beneficiary and by energy product. These Country Notes provide, for each of the 50 economies covered in the Inventory, a snapshot of energy market structure, the current state of energy prices and taxes, and recent developments and trends in fossil fuel support. Data and country notes for the EU Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries have been collected and prepared as part of the GREEN Action Task Force.

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Poland

Fossil fuels provide the bulk of Poland’s energy supply (87% of TES in 2021), and particularly indigenous bituminous coal, which accounts for more than 40% of its total energy supply (TES). Poland has one of the highest levels of coal-based electricity generation among OECD countries in Europe, ranking behind Germany only in terms of electricity units generated by coal. Increasing reliance on energy imports has been growing that from 2019, the country recorded its energy net imports reaching three-fourths of its indigenous production. Net imports of crude oil and natural gas – constituted 47% of total energy trade (by energy unit) in 2020. Poland has been successfully trying to reduce its reliance on imports from Russia – it reduced Russia’s share of gas imports from 90% in 2010 to 55% in 2021. The government is also now planning to totally cease importing Russian oil by the end of 2022 in response to the large-scale aggression of Russia over Ukraine.

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