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Nordic perspectives on the Gothenburg Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone

image of Nordic perspectives on the Gothenburg Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone

The 1999 Gothenburg Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone, with focus on emissions of NOX, SOX, NH3, and VOC, is the latest protocol under UNECE's Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. This report offers a Nordic perspective on implementation of the protocol in terms of the measures that have been introduced in the Nordic countries, the effects of these measures as well as how the reductions agreed under the protocol may be attained.

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Meta-evaluation of applied policy instruments

How should we interpret the declines in emissions that have been or will be accomplished according to the data presented in the previous section? While it is tempting to credit the international protocols with the emission reductions, in reality their role comprises only part of the story. There are underlying structural changes in energy supply systems and transport patterns which are relatively autonomous of any measures introduced by individual countries to reduce emissions. Secondly, the approaches applied in the individual countries differ with respect to the measures introduced to curb emissions, especially with respect to the policy instruments employed. Third but not least, the various substances have different physical and chemical properties which affect the mitigation options available and, ultimately, the pattern of emissions reductions.

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