Mitigation & Adaptation Synergies in the NDCs

image of Mitigation & Adaptation Synergies in the NDCs

Signatories of Paris Agreement outlined their post-2020 climate actions, known as their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (I)NDCs. This study focuses on potential synergies between adaptation and mitigation in the (I)NDCs. It pays particular attention to the sectors of forestry, agriculture, energy and urban development. It draws on a review of climate change financing literature, and an analysis of the (I)NDCs and the financial and policy frameworks and programmes that make up global climate change financing structure, notably the texts of the Paris Agreement. The report contains recommendations for Nordic stakeholders to drive further synergies between mitigation and adaptation.




The implications of climate change are increasingly apparent, with clear impacts in terms of ecosystems, loss of biodiversity, patterns of catastrophic weather events, flooding, and impacts on agriculture. Action is required to address the impact of climate change while avoiding further problems. A range of solutions have been developed to react to changes in the climate, while others aim to prevent further damage. Recently, policy-makers have sought to address both needs by identifying synergies between adaptation and mitigation actions.


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