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Mining and Green Growth in the EECCA Region

image of Mining and Green Growth in the EECCA Region

For most countries in the Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) region, mining is an important economic sector that contributes to employment and public revenue. Despite mining’s potential to cause long-term negative environmental impacts, governments in the region have a vital role to play in supporting better environmental performance in the sector and ensuring the industry can be a progressive part of a greener economy. This report examines the environmental impacts of mining in the EECCA and provides policy makers with guidance to reconcile environmental and competitiveness objectives in the mining sector.

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Mining, sustainability and the EECCA region

This chapter discusses the environmental impacts of mining operations at different stages of the mine lifecycle, including impacts on water, soil, biodiversity and climate change. It also provides context on sustainability trends and drivers in the mining sector. Mining across the countries of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) is explored, with a focus on its economic importance and the need to improve environmental performance. Finally, this report is put in context with ongoing OECD work related to the region and to the mining sector, as well as projects and conventions at the international level that can help shape sustainability and the mining sector in the EECCA region.

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