Marine Ecosystem Services

Marine ecosystem services in Nordic marine waters and the Baltic Sea - possibilities for valuation

image of Marine Ecosystem Services

Marine Ecosystem Services (MARECOS) is an interdisciplinary study that provides relevant information for national, Nordic and international ecosystem services assessments and valuation in the implementation of marine policy.

This report aims to provide suggestions on how ecosystem condition assessments, being based on the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), and the HELCOM indicator based assessments for the Baltic Sea, could be used for the assessment of ecosystem services.

By describing the potentials of linking data and knowledge describing the status of marine ecosystems and water quality to the values of the services and goods provided, the report offers useful information for policy and decision makers in the domain of the marine and aquatic policies around the Baltic and in the Nordic countries.



Conclusions and discussions

Understanding marine ecosystem services requires information and knowledge of both the complex relationships between functions, processes and services in the marine ecosystems and the wellbeing the services serves for human beings. Research and assessments of the values of the services is therefore indispensable, but so is also research and understanding of how the ecosystem services depend on ecosystem structures (such as species and habitats), processes and functions. Knowledge from both of these domains is therefore necessary for mapping and assessment of the condition and distribution of marine ecosystem services, and to pave the way for increased understanding of the potential socioeconomic value of ecosystem services.


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