Les véritables coûts de REACH

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The proposed new chemicals policy of the European Community, REACH, is an important new development in environmental protection. Rather than waiting for government or independent researchers to determine that chemicals are hazardous, it will make manufacturers, importers, and professional users of chemicals responsible for the safe use. There is little doubt that REACH will give health and environmental benefits, but there has been little agreement about the resulting costs: -Will European manufacturers be crushed by the economic burden of chemicals regulation, as some industry sources have suggested? -Or, as projected in some public sector studies, will there be a minor cost impact, well within the ability of industry and worth the price? This report offers a new look at these costs. Frank Ackerman and Rachel Massey compare the current EC legislation on chemicals, the European Commission’s proposal and an alternative proposal addressing previous versions of REACH. The authors make a bottom-up calculation of the expected registration and testing costs under REACH and provide a new analysis of the indirect economic impacts. Ultimately they evaluate some prominent arguments about the costs of REACH and discuss the expected benefits. In the appendices there is the derivation of their economic impacts analysis and a critique of the best-known industry-oriented study.



Scénarios de réglementation

REACH n’est pas proposé par suite d’un vide juridique. L’Europe possède déjà un système étendu de règlements concernant les produits chimiques. REACH remplacera un grand nombre de règlements actuellement en vigueur. Donc, il y a déjà des coûts de réglementations européennes sur les produits chimiques et ainsi les coûts imputables à REACH, n’ impliquent qu’une augmentation lors de l’entrée en vigueur de la nouvelle réglementaton. Nous consacrons la présente section à une comparaison entre la ligne de base des règlements en vigueur actuellement, qui est le projet REACH d’octobre 2003, et un projet nouveau, « REACH Plus », appelé à renforcer certaines réserves juridiques essentielles.


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