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Les véritables coûts de REACH

image of Les véritables coûts de REACH

The proposed new chemicals policy of the European Community, REACH, is an important new development in environmental protection. Rather than waiting for government or independent researchers to determine that chemicals are hazardous, it will make manufacturers, importers, and professional users of chemicals responsible for the safe use. There is little doubt that REACH will give health and environmental benefits, but there has been little agreement about the resulting costs: -Will European manufacturers be crushed by the economic burden of chemicals regulation, as some industry sources have suggested? -Or, as projected in some public sector studies, will there be a minor cost impact, well within the ability of industry and worth the price? This report offers a new look at these costs. Frank Ackerman and Rachel Massey compare the current EC legislation on chemicals, the European Commission’s proposal and an alternative proposal addressing previous versions of REACH. The authors make a bottom-up calculation of the expected registration and testing costs under REACH and provide a new analysis of the indirect economic impacts. Ultimately they evaluate some prominent arguments about the costs of REACH and discuss the expected benefits. In the appendices there is the derivation of their economic impacts analysis and a critique of the best-known industry-oriented study.

French

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Méthodologie du calcul des coûts

Pour trouver le montant total des coûts que représente pour l’industrie l’application de REACH et de REACH Plus, nous estimons un coût par substance pour ses essais et son enregistrement dans chaque tranche de volume, et nous le multiplions par le nombre total de substances chimiques pouvant être concernées. Nous décrivons ici les détails de nos calculs et de nos appréciations lors de leur élaboration. Nous nous concentrons d’abord sur les coûts de l’application de REACH ; le calcul des coûts de REACH Plus exige quelques ajustements supplémentaires.

French

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