Les véritables coûts de REACH

image of Les véritables coûts de REACH

The proposed new chemicals policy of the European Community, REACH, is an important new development in environmental protection. Rather than waiting for government or independent researchers to determine that chemicals are hazardous, it will make manufacturers, importers, and professional users of chemicals responsible for the safe use. There is little doubt that REACH will give health and environmental benefits, but there has been little agreement about the resulting costs: -Will European manufacturers be crushed by the economic burden of chemicals regulation, as some industry sources have suggested? -Or, as projected in some public sector studies, will there be a minor cost impact, well within the ability of industry and worth the price? This report offers a new look at these costs. Frank Ackerman and Rachel Massey compare the current EC legislation on chemicals, the European Commission’s proposal and an alternative proposal addressing previous versions of REACH. The authors make a bottom-up calculation of the expected registration and testing costs under REACH and provide a new analysis of the indirect economic impacts. Ultimately they evaluate some prominent arguments about the costs of REACH and discuss the expected benefits. In the appendices there is the derivation of their economic impacts analysis and a critique of the best-known industry-oriented study.



Coûts directs de REACH et de REACH Plus

Les agences gouvernementales, les consultants indépendants et les sources industrielles ont élaboré des estimations de l’ordre de grandeur des coûts directs résultant de REACH. Nous passons rapidement en revue ces estimations ci-dessous, puis nous expliquons nos propres calculs. Dans chaque approche, il est largement convenu que les coûts directs estimés sont une faible fraction des chiffres d’affaires annuels de l’industrie chimique. Comme nous l’exposerons dans les sections suivants, les grandes différences entre les études financées par le gouvernement et les études financées par l’industrie sur les coûts totaux de REACH ne résultent pas de leurs différences mineures dans l’estimation des coûts directs, mais plutôt des différences énormes entre leurs analyses des coûts indirects.


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