1887

Improving Economic Instruments for Water Resources Management in the Republic of Buryatia (Lake Baikal Basin)

image of Improving Economic Instruments for Water Resources Management in the Republic of Buryatia (Lake Baikal Basin)

A major challenge facing the Republic of Buryatia, subject of the Russian Federation, is how to balance the task of protecting Lake Baikal – a unique water object and ecological system included in the UNESCO list of World Natural Heritage Areas – with the need for dynamic and sustainable socio-economic development of the republic.  This requires streamlining and improving water policy jointly with economic, administrative, information and other policy instruments. The recommendations in this report aim to help achieve this objective. They include the introduction of abstraction charges for irrigation water as a  natural resource; enhancement of state support to the water sector; and improvement of economic instruments for managing risks of water-related hazards (such as compulsory insurance and differentiated land tax rates in flood prone areas). A few innovative instruments are also recommended for pilot testing such as establishing limits for discharges of certain hazardous substances in a pilot area (e.g. Selenga river basin) and progressive development of market for tradable quotas for discharges of the “capped” pollutants; and introducing a charge (tax) on toxic agricultural chemicals (pesticides, herbicides, etc.) and synthetic detergents so that to create incentives for the reduction of diffuse water pollution.

English Russian

.

Foreword

The present project was implemented by the OECD Task Force for the Implementation of the Environmental Action Programme for Central and Eastern Europe (EAP Task Force) with financial assistance of the European Union (General Directorate for Development and Co-operation (Devco) of the European Commission (EC)). It was implemented in close co-operation with the “Baikal project” co-sponsored by the Government of the Russian Federation (RF), the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). This support and co-operation are gratefully acknowledged.

English

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error