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Green Growth Indicators 2014

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The OECD Green Growth Strategy supports countries in fostering economic growth and development while ensuring that natural assets continue to provide the resources and environmental services on which well-being relies. Policies that promote green growth need to be founded on a good understanding of the determinants of green growth and need to be supported with appropriate indicators to monitor progress and gauge results.

This book updates the 2011 Towards Green Growth: Monitoring progress. It presents the OECD framework for monitoring progress towards green growth and a selection of updated indicators that illustrate the progress that OECD countries have made since the 1990s.

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The socio-economic context and characteristics of growth

Green growth indicators bear on the interaction between economic growth and the environment. This section provides information on the socio-economic context, particularly with regard to economic growth, productivity and competitiveness, along with key features of the labour market that are important to sustain job creation and facilitate labour markets adjustments, and with information on demography, health, education and income inequality. Such information is useful to: ?? track the effects of green growth policies on growth; ?? establish links to social concerns such as poverty reduction, social equity and inclusion; ?? interpret green growth indicators in the light of national socio-economic circumstances, and complement them with additional detail. For example, data on environmental pressures are rarely available by industrial activity, and consistent measures that combine environmental and economic information can only be constructed at the level of the entire economy. In such cases, it is important to supplement the economy-wide indicator with information on countries’ industry structure.

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