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Environmental Policy Toolkit for SME Greening in EU Eastern Partnership Countries

image of Environmental Policy Toolkit for SME Greening in EU Eastern Partnership Countries

This toolkit, based on existing good practice, aims to help governments in the EU’s Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine) to design and implement key instruments to promote environmental compliance and green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises. Reducing the environmental impact of SMEs in both manufacturing and services is a key success factor in greening the economy. At the same time, improving environmental performance is a significant business opportunity for SMEs as important suppliers of goods and services. Developed under the EaP GREEN project, this report will be of interest to environmental and economic ministries, as well as business associations and non-governmental and academic institutions in EaP countries.

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Guidance on environmental regulation of SMEs with a low level of environmental risk in Ukraine

This chapter provides guidance on how Ukraine can reform its environmental regulation of low-risk SMEs, and where possible move to a regulatory regime based on general binding rules (GBRs). The chapter begins with an exploration of the current state of play in Ukraine and the legacy of Soviet regulation. It also explores some of the weaknesses and inefficiencies that currently face the permitting based system. The chapter draws upon the standards and experiences of EU countries and the EU as a whole as a basis for the guidance it provides. It explores the advantages and disadvantages of GBRs, the costs of developing GBRs, the estimated number of GBRs that would need to be developed in Ukraine, and the challenge of applying GBRs to existing and new facilities.

English

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