Environmental Policy Toolkit for SME Greening in EU Eastern Partnership Countries

image of Environmental Policy Toolkit for SME Greening in EU Eastern Partnership Countries

This toolkit, based on existing good practice, aims to help governments in the EU’s Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine) to design and implement key instruments to promote environmental compliance and green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises. Reducing the environmental impact of SMEs in both manufacturing and services is a key success factor in greening the economy. At the same time, improving environmental performance is a significant business opportunity for SMEs as important suppliers of goods and services. Developed under the EaP GREEN project, this report will be of interest to environmental and economic ministries, as well as business associations and non-governmental and academic institutions in EaP countries.



Environmental regulatory tools in OECD and EaP countries

This chapter looks at developments in environmental regulatory tools and how different approaches can more effectively support compliance. It begins with an exploration of changing trends in many OECD countries around simplifying environmental regulatory requirements for SMEs. These countries are doing so by replacing bespoke environmental permitting with standardised requirements (e.g. general binding rules) for specific activities with low environmental risk, provided that they involve a large number of operators and employ similar technologies. The chapter also looks at reducing the administrative burden on SMEs through collaboration between environmental and non-environmental regulators on identifying opportunities to reduce duplication in paperwork and conduct joint or delegated inspections in selected sectors. The increased effectiveness of a sectorbased approach is also explored in the chapter, as part of a broader customer service perspective on the relationship between environmental regulators and SMEs.


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