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Environment at a Glance 2013

OECD Indicators

image of Environment at a Glance 2013

This book includes key environmental indicators endorsed by OECD Environment Ministers and major environmental indicators from the OECD Core Set. These indicators reflect environmental progress made since the early 1990s and thus contribute to measuring environmental performance. Organised by issues such as climate change, air pollution, biodiversity, waste or water resources, they provide essential information for all those interested in the environment and in sustainable development.

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Additional information and country notes

The main international agreement is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), ratified by 194 parties. Industrialised countries committed to taking measures aimed at stabilising GHG emissions by 2000 at 1990 levels. The 1997 Kyoto Protocol established differentiated national or regional emission reduction or limitation targets for the six major GHGs (CO2, CH4, N2O, PFCs, HFCs and SF6) for 2008‑12, with 1990 as the reference year. The Kyoto Protocol has been ratified by 191 countries, including all but two OECD countries, and has been in force since 16 February 2005. In 2010 and 2011, negotiations in Copenhagen and Cancun led to progress on, among other things, goals for emission reductions, including from developing countries; finance; adaptation; and reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD).

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