Ensuring Environmental Compliance

Trends and Good Practices

image of Ensuring Environmental Compliance

Despite progress in recent years, there is growing evidence that OECD countries are not on track to reach some of their key environmental goals. This report examines the strategies and instruments that governments use to ensure compliance with pollution prevention and control regulations, particularly in the industrial sector. It compares the compliance assurance systems of six OECD countries – Finland, France, Japan, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States – as well as those of China and Russia. The report provides policy makers, environmental regulators, and other stakeholders with a comprehensive analysis of the design, management aspects, and the main elements of government compliance and enforcement programmes. Focusing on compliance promotion, compliance monitoring, and non-compliance response, it identifies and compares good practices, sets them in context of different countries’ regulatory cultures and highlights the key international trends.

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United States

Both the federal and state governments have the authority to regulate activities to protect human health and the environment. In implementing the federal environmental statutes, the EPA typically sets the minimum standards that must be met by all the states. States that have been authorised by the EPA to implement specific federal environmental programmes typically model their laws on federal statutes or may adopt them by reference. States may adhere closely to the federal regulatory standards or set their own, more restrictive standards, or seek more stringent interpretations of existing federal law.

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