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Ensuring Environmental Compliance

Trends and Good Practices

image of Ensuring Environmental Compliance

Despite progress in recent years, there is growing evidence that OECD countries are not on track to reach some of their key environmental goals. This report examines the strategies and instruments that governments use to ensure compliance with pollution prevention and control regulations, particularly in the industrial sector. It compares the compliance assurance systems of six OECD countries – Finland, France, Japan, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States – as well as those of China and Russia. The report provides policy makers, environmental regulators, and other stakeholders with a comprehensive analysis of the design, management aspects, and the main elements of government compliance and enforcement programmes. Focusing on compliance promotion, compliance monitoring, and non-compliance response, it identifies and compares good practices, sets them in context of different countries’ regulatory cultures and highlights the key international trends.

English French, Chinese

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United Kingdom

In the UK, the authority for environmental regulation resides with the “devolved” Administrations of England and Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. The legal frameworks are similar in all the Administrations but the powers are different in different Acts, Regulations and Orders. The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) and the devolved Administrations are responsible for transposing EU environmental Directives into national law.

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