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Enhanced incentives for mitigation efforts in the Land Use

Land Use Change and Forestry sector in the next global climate change agreement

image of Enhanced incentives for mitigation efforts in the Land Use

The Nordic Council of Ministers has set up the Nordic COP 15 Group to help achieve a successful outcome in the climate change negotiations at COP 15 in Copenhagen in December 2009. The Nordic COP 15 Group have identified key elements in the negotiations where efforts are needed to ensure a good outcome, i.e. adaptation to climate change, technolo-gy transfer, legal issues, sinks and deforestation. This report explore ways to adjust the current accounting rules on sinks into rules that would create better incen-tives for actively managing lands, in order to decrease the emission of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere and/ or to remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. Different proposals for the treatment of the LULUCF-sector (Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry sector) are compared and analysed.

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Accounting Harvested Wood Products

Harvested wood products (HWP) include all wood materials (including bark) that leave harvest sites. Slash and other material left at harvest sites should be regarded as dead organic matter and not as HWP. Two issues must be solved if the accounting of HWP will be elected to the accounting framework of the AFOLU/ LULUCF sector in the next commitment period: first, a choice must be made on the reporting approach that will be used in the basic reporting under the UNFCCC; second, the accounting approach — giving credits/ debits in the next commitment period(s) — must be agreed upon. The accounting approach would obviously be based on HWP reporting, but the accounting could differ from the full-carbon based reporting of the national HWP pool, mainly because the accounting rules must be balanced with the accounting rules of Articles 3.3 and 3.4 under the Kyoto Protocol in the next commitment period.

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