Eco-Innovation in Industry

Enabling Green Growth

image of Eco-Innovation in Industry

Eco-innovation will be a key driver of industry efforts to tackle climate change and realise “green growth” in the post-Kyoto era. Eco-innovation calls for faster introduction of breakthrough technologies and for more systemic application of available solutions, including non-technological ones. It also offers opportunities to involve new players, develop new industries and increase competitiveness. Structural change in economies will be imperative in coming decades.

This book presents the research and analysis carried out during the first phase of the OECD Project on Sustainable Manufacturing and Eco-innovation. Its aim is to provide benchmarking tools on sustainable manufacturing and to spur eco-innovation through better understanding of innovation mechanisms. It reviews the concepts and forms an analytical framework; analyses the nature and processes of eco-innovation; discusses existing sustainable manufacturing indicators; examines methodologies for measuring eco-innovation; and takes stock of national strategies and policy initiatives for eco-innovation.

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Framing Eco-innovation

The Concept and the Evolution of Sustainable Manufacturing

This chapter presents the notions of sustainable manufacturing and ecoinnovation. It explores the relation between them in order to facilitate the analysis of manufacturing initiatives directed towards sustainable development. Every shift in such initiatives – from conventional pollution control and cleaner production to the development of new business models and eco-industrial parks – can be understood as facilitated by eco-innovation. The application of the eco-innovation concept offers a promising way to move industrial production in a more sustainable direction and respond to pressing global challenges such as climate change.

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