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Eco-Innovation in Industry

Enabling Green Growth

image of Eco-Innovation in Industry

Eco-innovation will be a key driver of industry efforts to tackle climate change and realise “green growth” in the post-Kyoto era. Eco-innovation calls for faster introduction of breakthrough technologies and for more systemic application of available solutions, including non-technological ones. It also offers opportunities to involve new players, develop new industries and increase competitiveness. Structural change in economies will be imperative in coming decades.

This book presents the research and analysis carried out during the first phase of the OECD Project on Sustainable Manufacturing and Eco-innovation. Its aim is to provide benchmarking tools on sustainable manufacturing and to spur eco-innovation through better understanding of innovation mechanisms. It reviews the concepts and forms an analytical framework; analyses the nature and processes of eco-innovation; discusses existing sustainable manufacturing indicators; examines methodologies for measuring eco-innovation; and takes stock of national strategies and policy initiatives for eco-innovation.

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Applying Eco-innovation

Examples from Three Sectors

To better represent the contexts and processes that lead to ecoinnovation, this chapter presents some illustrative examples of various eco-innovative solutions from three sectors: automotive and transport, iron and steel, and electronics. The primary focus of current ecoinnovation efforts in these sectors tends to be technological advances in the form of product and process modifications or redesigns. However, some actors have started to explore more systemic eco-innovation through new business models and alternative modes of provision. Changes in organisational or institutional arrangements have acted as key drivers of technological development.

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