Developing a Water Policy Outlook for Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine

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The OECD has been working on water policy reform in the countries of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia for over 20 years. Three of the countries within the region, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine have signed Association Agreements with the European Union. These agreements provide a framework for deeper political ties and stronger economic links with the EU and include commitments for approximation towards EU legislation including the Water Framework Directive.

Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine have ambitious long-term strategic plans for their water sectors, which include fulfilment of requirements under the Association Agreements and international commitments including the Sustainable Development Goals. The water policy outlooks baseline the country policy framework and current performance and then define the long-term vision and aspirations to 2030. The outlooks aim to demonstrate the likelihood of the current policy framework to achieve the long-term objectives and desired future state of the water sector, and include identification of opportunities for improving policy coherence and policies that have the opportunity to improve the likelihood of success.


Developing a water policy outlook for Georgia

This chapter considers Georgia’s ambitions and outlook for its water sector including water-related obligations under the Association Agreement with the European Union and targets under multilateral environmental agreements including the Sustainable Development Goals. Obligations under the EU Water Framework Directive and associated directives are discussed, including time-bound commitments concerning the identification of river basin districts and preparation of river basin plans. The chapter considers Georgia’s current state of play with regard to water resources and pressures facing the sector. Finally, the chapter considers the existing policy and legislative framework and considers scenarios for possible future reforms.


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