Climate Resilience in Development Planning

Experiences in Colombia and Ethiopia

image of Climate Resilience in Development Planning

Climate-related disasters have inflicted increasingly high losses on developing countries, and with climate change, these losses are likely to worsen. Improving country resilience against climate risks is therefore vital for achieving poverty reduction and economic development goals.

This report discusses the current state of knowledge on how to build climate resilience in developing countries. It argues that climate-resilient development requires moving beyond the climate-proofing of existing development pathways, to consider economic development objectives and resilience priorities in parallel. Achieving this will require political vision and a clear understanding of the relation between climate and development, as well as an adapted institutional set-up, financing arrangements, and progress monitoring and evaluation. The report also discusses two priorities for climate-resilient development: disaster risk management and the involvement of the private sector.

The report builds on a growing volume of country experiences on building climate resilience into national development planning. Two country case studies, Ethiopia and Colombia, are discussed in detail.



Executive summary

There is an urgent need for countries to improve their resilience to current climate variability and prepare for the consequences of future changes. Without this, climate change threatens to perpetuate poverty and slow – or even prevent – the achievement of development goals. Climate-resilient development aims to ensure that economic growth, poverty reduction and other development objectives can be sustained in a changing climate. This is more fundamental than “climate-proofing” of policies or programmes, instead re-examining the development choices that are shaping vulnerability to climate risks. This means addressing current vulnerabilities in a way that anticipates and adapts to future changes.


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