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Climate Resilience in Development Planning

Experiences in Colombia and Ethiopia

image of Climate Resilience in Development Planning

Climate-related disasters have inflicted increasingly high losses on developing countries, and with climate change, these losses are likely to worsen. Improving country resilience against climate risks is therefore vital for achieving poverty reduction and economic development goals.

This report discusses the current state of knowledge on how to build climate resilience in developing countries. It argues that climate-resilient development requires moving beyond the climate-proofing of existing development pathways, to consider economic development objectives and resilience priorities in parallel. Achieving this will require political vision and a clear understanding of the relation between climate and development, as well as an adapted institutional set-up, financing arrangements, and progress monitoring and evaluation. The report also discusses two priorities for climate-resilient development: disaster risk management and the involvement of the private sector.

The report builds on a growing volume of country experiences on building climate resilience into national development planning. Two country case studies, Ethiopia and Colombia, are discussed in detail.

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Climate-resilient development in Colombia

Colombia is vulnerable to climate change and extreme weather. Most of the country’s priority sectors for economic growth are sensitive to climatic changes. The country is still counting the human and economic costs of severe flooding in 2010/11. This chapter describes how these factors have prompted the government to mainstream climate resilience into national, sectoral and sub-national plans. Colombia has already taken important steps towards climate-resilient development, including substantive research on its vulnerability to climate change and the design of an institutional co-ordination framework. The Colombian government has driven policy making, but has benefitted from technical and financial assistance from development co-operation providers to support priority areas of its work.

English

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