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Chemicals and Development

Health and Economic Benefits of Sound Chemicals Management

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This report explores the social, economic, environmental and health benefits that can be achieved through sound management of chemicals. The report presents a series of case studies of initiatives to improve chemicals management in developing countries or economies in transition. The case studies examine national legislative initiatives as well as on-the-ground projects to educate firms about cleaner production options. It is also looked at the role of bilateral and multilateral development assistance in facilitating adoption of sound chemicals management systems. The report was issued as a draft prior to the adoption of the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM) by the International Conference on Chemicals Management (ICCM) in February 2006 and has been amended according to inputs after that event.

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Components of Sound Chemicals Management

In this section, we consider the components of sound chemicals management. We begin by looking at the elements of effective legislation on chemicals. We then present the concept of Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control, a framework of principles to guide chemicals legislation, enforcement, and information management, as well as cleaner production. We present some of the challenges and opportunities associated with financing cleaner production and pollution control initiatives. Finally, we look at the prospects for creating demand for cleaner production through international markets.

English

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