Bridge Over Troubled Waters: Linking Climate Change and Development

image of Bridge Over Troubled Waters: Linking Climate Change and Development

This book is the product of a collaborative effort between the OECD Environment and Development Co-operation directorates on mainstreaming responses to climate change in development planning and assistance. This volume synthesises insights from six country case studies that review climate change impacts and vulnerabilities, analyse relevant national plans and aid investments in terms of their exposure and attention to climate risks, and examine in-depth key systems where climate change is closely intertwined with development and natural resource management. The case studies cover the Nepal Himalayas, Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, the Nile in Egypt, the Bangladesh Sundarbans, coastal mangroves in Fiji, and agriculture and forestry sectors in Uruguay. 

Overall, the volume suggests a rich agenda for research and policy action which should be of considerable interest to donor agencies, sectoral planners and development practioners, as well as climate change experts and policy makers.

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Climate Analysis

Development planners need a better appreciation of climate change projections and the associated uncertainty in order to determine how to factor this information into their activities, and to what extent. Full understanding might ultimately require climate change risk assessment tailored to the locations, variables and time horizons of relevance to specific development activities, but that is beyond the scope of this analysis. This chapter provides an overview of the baseline climate for each case study country, followed by climate change projections along with an assessment of the associated uncertainty. A multi-criteria analytical framework is then proposed to classify climate change impacts by level of certainty, timing and the significance of the sector affected. National and regional planners could use such a framework to establish priorities for adaptation and mainstreaming.

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