Better Policies to Support Eco-innovation

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Eco-innovation is more important than ever on the public policy agenda. It is a major driver for green growth and contributes to the environmental performance and economic development of OECD and developing countries alike.

This report takes a pragmatic approach to policies that support the development and diffusion of eco-innovation. Building on the OECD Innovation Strategy, it argues that eco-innovation is not merely about technological developments: non-technical innovations matter as well. It acknowledges that policies do not operate in a vacuum and that they must take account of the contexts that influence the development and diffusion of eco-innovation, such as market structures. It explores links between eco-innovation policies and related fields such as industry, competition, and international cooperation.

This work builds on an OECD inventory of eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and in China. It also draws on studies of select environment-friendly innovations, highlighting different patterns of development across countries. It also incorporates extensive international consultation on the topics of eco-innovation and green growth.

The results from this publication will contribute to the Green Growth Strategy being developed by the OECD as a practical policy package for governments to harness the potential of greener growth.

For more information on OECD work on eco-innovation, visit: www.oecd.org/greengrowth



English Also available in: Spanish


Les innovations dans les produits, services, processus ou modèles d’activité peuvent être bénéfiques pour l’environnement car elles peuvent réduire la pression exercée sur les ressources naturelles et/ou l’émission de polluants. Parallèlement, des innovations favorables à l’environnement peuvent stimuler le développement économique. Le secteur des biens et services environnementaux connaît une croissance rapide dans les pays membres de l’OCDE comme dans les pays non membres. Tout comme les technologies de l’information il y a quelques décennies, ce secteur peut accroître la compétitivité d’autres secteurs. C’est la raison pour laquelle un certain nombre de pays de l’OCDE voient dans les innovations favorables à l’environnement (appelées ci-après éco-innovation) l’un des principaux moteurs de la croissance verte.

French Also available in: English

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