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Assessment and Review under a 2015 Climate Change Agreement

image of Assessment and Review under a 2015 Climate Change Agreement

In 2013, Parties to the UNFCCC were invited to prepare and communicate their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) under a 2015 agreement. Assessment and review of INDCs can help to ensure that these contributions are in line with internationally agreed objectives and principles, help establish and enhance transparency, trust and accountability between Parties, and raise ambition over time. This report analyses the existing review processes both under and outside the UNFCCC. It suggests that some form of ex ante assessment and review process of INDCs could help ensure that they are ambitious and fair. Such process can be complemented by assessments by observer organizations and informal discussions among Parties. In addition, a periodic review of collective ambition is desirable from the perspective of environmental effectiveness, and can build on existing review processes.

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Lessons from review processes outside of the UNFCCC

This chapter discusses a variety of intergovernmental review processes outside the UNFCCC context, with a view to identifying lessons learned for A&R under a 2015 agreement. Clearly these experiences have occurred in a different context, and any analogies should be made with care. Still, an analysis of these processes may offer useful insights into how A&R of national goals, policies and measures can be organized in intergovernmental settings. The review processes examined in this chapter include: international economic institutions – the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF); a human rights institution – the Human Rights Council; an international environmental institution – the Montreal Protocol; and a regional institution – the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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