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Aspects of strategic climate work in Nordic municipalities

NordLead Project Final Report

image of Aspects of strategic climate work in Nordic municipalities

Nordic municipalities can have a significant impact on creating a more climate-friendly Nordic region. This study gathers valuable information about climate change management in Nordic municipalities and gives a general view to the local climate work in Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. The study aims at recognising the success factors and needs for support in Nordic local climate change work. It is based on a web survey conducted between October 2011 and February 2012, with an overall response rate of 37 %. The study shows that Nordic municipalities are actively working for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Commonalities in the success factors and challenges are found in the study, however, there is no “one size fits all” solution, because the countries differ in many respects – the national framework conditions being the most crucial difference.

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Climate strategies in Norwegian municipalities

Differing from other countries in this study, Norwegian municipalities have been required by regulation to have energy and climate plans since 2010; currently, 410 out of some 430 municipalities have climate and energy plans in place. They have been able to receive financial support for climate and energy projects from the public enterprise Enova, contributing to environmentally sound and rational use and production or energy. In its programme called Climate Municipalities, Enova supports municipal energy and climate plans given that the plan adhered to a given set of criteria. Enova can provide up to 50% of the project costs for the measures, up to NOK 100,000.

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