The Asia-Pacific Disaster Report 2012

Reducing Vulnerability and Exposure to Disasters

image of The Asia-Pacific Disaster Report 2012
The main message of this publication is that exposure and vulnerability continue to be twin challenges for the region. Faced with growing economic losses and increasingly vulnerable populations, and inspired by good practices in reducing social vulnerability, the publication analyzes the drivers of risks and the strategies that are in place to deal with these growing risks.



The crucial role of disaster risk governance in reducing vulnerability and exposure to hazards

The exercise of governance and particularly the explicit attention it gives to risks in a society greatly influences the nature of socio-economic vulnerabilities and the extent of people’s exposure to hazards in the region. Some elements of governance covered in this chapter include legislative and policy frameworks, decentralization of authority and capacities, assigned and recognized accountabilities and adaptive governance. These elements share common traits while also reflecting the contexts and implementation particularities of individual countries and areas. Although there is substantial work already undertaken in the region for improving risk governance, more efforts are still required to ensure that policies and practice actually reduce the risks facing people and economies. If not addressed, they can certainly lead to ever more serious impacts of disasters.


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