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Mainstreaming Environment and Climate for Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development

A Handbook to Strengthen Planning and Budgeting Processes

image of Mainstreaming Environment and Climate for Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development

This handbook is designed as guidance for policymakers and practitioners to mainstream pro-poor environment and climate concerns into planning, budgeting and monitoring. Mainstreaming is achieved by putting poverty-environment issues at the heart of government—in other words, by taking these issues into mainstream economic decision-making processes, particularly the national and sub national planning and budgeting processes led by ministries of finance, planning and local government, and supported by ministries of environment.

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Mainstreaming into sector strategies and subnational plans and budgets

For mainstreaming efforts made during the national policy, planning and budgeting processes to produce environmental sustainability and poverty reduction results, sector strategies and subnational plans must be implemented and monitored. This involves a two-way process, influenced by the national context, in which sector strategies and subnational plans inform national planning and vice versa. This chapter examines incorporating pro-poor, gender-responsive environmental measures in sector strategies, including sector-relevant tools and examples. It then focuses on issues of governance and how centralized or decentralized systems affect responses to mainstreaming from the national to the local level. The chapter points out the significance of local government and looks at its various regulatory, planning and service delivery functions with an eye to how mainstreaming at the subnational level can be undertaken. It concludes with ecosystem-based approaches and experiences to inform subnational-level development planning and budgeting.

English

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