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Environmental Performance Reviews: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Second Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

The first Environmental Performance Reviews (EPR) of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia was carried out in 2002. This second review intends to measure the progress made by the country in managing its environment and in addressing upcoming environmental challenges since the first EPR. To fight its difficult economic situation, after gaining its independence in 1991, the government carried out regulatory and structural reforms in order to correct its macroeconomic instability and facilitate the transition to a market economy. It pursued a range of economic reforms which were aimed at stimulating economic growth and improving the living standards of the population through development of the private sector, improvement of the investment climate and greater job creation.

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Policymaking framework for sustainable development and environmental protection

As it was described in the fi rst EPR of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the Constitution of the country contains provisions regarding environment protection (Articles 8 and 43). Since that time, environmental protection in the country has been subject to the process of decentralization. Amendment XVII of the Constitution of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia specifi es that “in units of local self-government, citizens directly and through representatives, participate in decisionmaking on issues of local relevance particularly in the fi elds of public services, urban and rural planning, and environmental protection.”

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