Environmental Performance Reviews: Georgia

Third Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Georgia

This series assists countries to improve their environmental policies by making concrete recommendations for better policy design and implementation. It helps integrate environmental policies into sector-specific policies such as those in agriculture, energy, transport and health. The present publication contains the third Environmental Performance Review of Georgia. The review takes stock of the progress made by Georgia in the management of its environment since the country was reviewed in 2010 for the second time. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations contained in the second review. It also discusses issues on air protection, water management, including protection of the Black Sea, waste management, biodiversity, forests and protected areas, energy, industry, agriculture, transport, forestry, tourism, health and risk management of natural and technological/anthropogenic hazards.



Legal, policy and institutional framework

The country’s environmental sector underwent a profound reorganization in 2011, which was then reversed in 2013. This reorganization was the origin of a massive washout of capacity at all levels of environmental governance. Institutional instability compounded with the Government’s focus on maximum deregulation affected the pace of planned environmental policy reforms and hindered implementation. The parliamentary elections of 2012 resulted in some refocusing on environmental goals and the launching of some reforms. Simultaneously, public administration has been evolving towards deconcentration of power – both vertically and horizontally. In this very dynamic context, understanding the role and interests of various actors is of capital importance for ensuring the success of reforms in the environmental sector.


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