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World Energy Outlook 2019

image of World Energy Outlook 2019

The World Energy Outlook series is a leading source of strategic insight on the future of energy and energy-related emissions, providing detailed scenarios that map out the consequences of different energy policy and investment choices.

This year's edition updates the outlooks for all fuels, technologies and regions, based on the latest market data, policy initiatives and cost trends.

In addition, the 2019 report tackles some key questions in depth:

  • What do the shale revolution, the rise of liquefied natural gas, the falling costs of renewables and the spread of digital technologies mean for tomorrow's energy supply?
  • How can the world get on a pathway to meet global climate targets and other sustainable energy goals?
  • What are the energy choices that will shape Africa's future, and how might the rise of the African consumer affect global trends?
  • How large a role could offshore wind play in the transformation of the energy sector?
  • Could the world's gas grids one day deliver low-carbon energy?

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Executive Summary

The energy world is marked by a series of deep disparities. The gap between the promise of energy for all and the fact that almost one billion people still do not have access to electricity. The gap between the latest scientific evidence highlighting the need for evermore- rapid cuts in global greenhouse gas emissions and the data showing that energyrelated emissions hit another historic high in 2018. The gap between expectations of fast, renewables-driven energy transitions and the reality of today’s energy systems in which reliance on fossil fuels remains stubbornly high. And the gap between the calm in wellsupplied oil markets and the lingering unease over geopolitical tensions and uncertainties.

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