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World Energy Outlook 2019

image of World Energy Outlook 2019

The World Energy Outlook series is a leading source of strategic insight on the future of energy and energy-related emissions, providing detailed scenarios that map out the consequences of different energy policy and investment choices.

This year's edition updates the outlooks for all fuels, technologies and regions, based on the latest market data, policy initiatives and cost trends.

In addition, the 2019 report tackles some key questions in depth:

  • What do the shale revolution, the rise of liquefied natural gas, the falling costs of renewables and the spread of digital technologies mean for tomorrow's energy supply?
  • How can the world get on a pathway to meet global climate targets and other sustainable energy goals?
  • What are the energy choices that will shape Africa's future, and how might the rise of the African consumer affect global trends?
  • How large a role could offshore wind play in the transformation of the energy sector?
  • Could the world's gas grids one day deliver low-carbon energy?

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Prospects for gas infrastructure

The next decade is a critical one for gas infrastructure. Short-term decisions on whether to invest in gas grids will have major long-term implications. Questions about the relative importance, and respective roles, of electricity and gas networks are central to the design of energy transitions to a low emissions future. Low-carbon electricity has huge potential to play a greater direct role in future energy systems, but there are limits to how quickly and extensively electrification can occur. Wellestablished gas grids can deliver twice as much energy as electricity grids today and they are a major source of flexibility. Decisions on the future of gas networks need to consider their potential to deliver different types of gas in a low emissions future, as well as their role in ensuring energy security.

English

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