World Energy Outlook 2019

image of World Energy Outlook 2019

The World Energy Outlook series is a leading source of strategic insight on the future of energy and energy-related emissions, providing detailed scenarios that map out the consequences of different energy policy and investment choices.

This year's edition updates the outlooks for all fuels, technologies and regions, based on the latest market data, policy initiatives and cost trends.

In addition, the 2019 report tackles some key questions in depth:

  • What do the shale revolution, the rise of liquefied natural gas, the falling costs of renewables and the spread of digital technologies mean for tomorrow's energy supply?
  • How can the world get on a pathway to meet global climate targets and other sustainable energy goals?
  • What are the energy choices that will shape Africa's future, and how might the rise of the African consumer affect global trends?
  • How large a role could offshore wind play in the transformation of the energy sector?
  • Could the world's gas grids one day deliver low-carbon energy?



Overview and key findings

In the Stated Policies Scenario, which explores the implications of announced targets as well as existing energy policies, primary energy demand grows by a quarter to 2040 (Figure 1.1). The projected annual average demand growth of 1% per year in this scenario is well below the 2.3% seen in 2018. A continuation of 2018 growth trends would raise overall demand even higher than in our Current Policies Scenario, which does not consider announced targets, and would put considerable strain on all aspects of the global energy system.


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