Future Opportunities for Bioeconomy

Focus on the West Nordic Region

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Achieving a high quality of waste plastic materials and recycling processes is a key challenge in closing the resource loops for plastics. This report reviews the status and trends for plastic waste flows and treatment in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Furthermore, it gives an overview of existing policy instruments and the main challenges for designing policy instruments for improved recycling of plastic waste in these Nordic countries. The report identifies potential market failures associated with closing the resource loops for plastics. It reviews the economics research literature on policy instrument design for achieving optimal recycling rates and makes policy recommendations from the Nordic perspective. Finally, it presents results from a survey on market conditions to managers in the recycling and plastic manufacturing industry in Sweden.



Arctic environment

The Arctic’s natural environment and the industries around it create enormous biomass with a large portion currently un- or underutilized. While much of the biomass is currently wasted and is a source of cost, it can in fact be a huge economic opportunity. Many areas lack relevant capabilities as well the cross-industry cooperation needed to complete the R and D projects necessary to realize substantial economic and societal gains which are possible from eco-innovative and sustainable utilization of the biomass.


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