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The Missing Entrepreneurs 2017

Policies for Inclusive Entrepreneurship

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The Missing Entrepreneurs 2017 is the fourth edition in a series of publications that examine how public policies at national, regional and local levels can support job creation, economic growth and social inclusion by overcoming obstacles to business start-ups and self-employment by people from disadvantaged or under-represented groups in entrepreneurship. It shows that there is substantial potential to combat unemployment and increase labour market participation by facilitating business creation in populations such as women, youth, the unemployed, and migrants. However, the specific problems they face need to be recognised and addressed with effective and efficient policy measures.

This edition contains in-depth policy discussion chapters on the quality of self-employment, including new forms of self-employment such as dependent and false self-employment, and the potential of self-employment as an adjustment mechanism in major firm restructuring and job shedding. Each thematic chapter discusses current policy issues and challenges, and makes recommendations for policy makers. A data section provides a range of information on self-employment and business creation rates, barriers and key characteristics of businesses operated by social group. Finally, country profiles highlight recent trends in inclusive entrepreneurship, key policy challenges and recent policy actions in each of the 28 EU Member States.

English German, French

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Immigrants' self-employment and entrepreneurship activities

This chapter presents self-employment data on immigrants, covering those born in European Union Member States but outside of their current country of residence as well as those born outside of the European Union. The data presented in this chapter include the proportion of self-employed people who were born outside of their country of residence, self-employment rates and the proportion of self-employed immigrants who have employees. Data are presented at the European Union and country levels.

English

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