Preventing Ageing Unequally

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This report examines how the two global mega-trends of population ageing and rising inequalities have been developing and interacting, both within and across generations. Taking a life-course perspective the report shows how inequalities in education, health, employment and earnings compound, resulting in large differences in lifetime earnings across different groups. It suggests a policy agenda to prevent, mitigate and cope with inequalities along the life course drawing on good practices in OECD countries and emerging economies.


Recent trends toward increased inequality among future retirees

This chapter finds that the relatively steady increase in real income across birth cohorts at the same ages is stalling for those born since the 1960s. It first shows that although population ageing is a common trend across the world the timing and pace of shifts in the age structure differ widely across countries. It then compares the income levels, the income inequality and the employment rates of different birth cohorts over their life course. The chapter also includes a focus on gender gaps, showing that gender-related labour market gaps have narrowed across cohorts, but that wide differences remain. The last section highlights that risks of higher inequality in old age have increased: old-age support systems will likely need to cope with higher inequalities down the road.




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