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Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region

Part-time work, gender and economic distribution in the Nordic countries

image of Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region

Gender equality in the labour market is a key topic in the Nordic cooperation on gender equality. The Nordic Council of Ministers has asked NIKK, Nordic Information on Gender, to coordinate the project Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region. The aim of the project is to shed light on and analyse part-time work in the Nordic region, develop reports and arrange conferences. During the Swedish presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2013, the project identified how part-time work affects the economic resources of women and men. This first report presents statistics on full- and part-time work and compares the effects of part-time work on pensions in the Nordic countries. Marianne Sundström, professor of labour economics at Stockholm University, and Alma Lanninger Wennemo, Master’s student at Stockholm University, wrote the report on a request by NIKK.

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Trends in part-time work in the Nordic countries

In this section we examine the levels and trends in part-time work among employed women age 25–64 in the Nordic countries from 1995 to 2012 using data from Eurostat.5 The computed percentages are annual averages and include only employees, except for Sweden where the data come from the Swedish labour force surveys6 and for the years 1995–2004 include only employees and for 2005–2012 also include self-employed persons. We focus on the population of active working age, that is, 25–64 year olds, as we do not want the trends to be influenced by changes in work patterns among students and persons of retirement age.

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