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OECD Employment Outlook 2015

image of OECD Employment Outlook 2015

The 2015 edition of the OECD Employment Outlook provides an in-depth review of recent labour market trends and short-term prospects in OECD countries. Chapter 1 looks at recent labour market developments focusing on minimum wages, while Chapter 2 draws on the OECD’s International Survey of Adult Skills and considers skills and wage inequality. Chapter 3 looks how policies to get job seekers back into work can help make labour markets more inclusive, while Chapter 4 examines job quality in terms of earnings mobility, labour market risk and long-term inequality. Finally, Chapter 5 discusses how job quality in emerging economies can be enhanced.

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Skills and wage inequality

Inequality has been rising in a large majority of OECD countries and efforts to halt or reverse this rise rank very high on the policy agenda. This chapter assesses the potential role of skills in reducing wage inequality, a key driver of changes in household income inequality. New data on the information-processing skills of the workforce from the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) are used to analyse the role of skills in explaining cross-country differences in wage inequality. This analysis helps to inform policy choices by disentangling the contributions of average skill levels, how skills are distributed across the workforce, the extent to which skills are used on the job, and the return they command on the labour market.

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