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OECD Employment Outlook 2008

image of OECD Employment Outlook 2008

As ageing populations put more downward pressure on economic growth in the coming decades, it is essential that OECD countries improve labour market performance.  This edition of OECD's annual report on labour markets brings the reader not only detailed information on recent labour market developments, but also in-depth analysis of the effects of various policy measures and prospects through 2009.  The analysis includes coverage of of the youth labour market in OECD Countries; informal employment and undeclared work; labour market discrimination and policies to combat it; the link between job stress and mental health problems; and the pay and working conditions offered by multinational firms. This book includes StatLinks, URLs which link statistical tables and graphs to Excel spreadsheets on the internet.

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Are All Jobs Good for Your Health? The Impact of Work Status and Working Conditions on Mental Health

This chapter presents new evidence on the evolution of work-related mental illness in OECD countries and on the role that new work patterns have played in affecting it. Despite the steep rise in disability benefit receipt for mental illness in many countries, available indicators do not suggest an overall increase in mental health problems among the working-age population across the OECD area. However, mental health appears to have worsened in certain countries and for certain workforce groups, while the reported incidence of certain potentially stressful working conditions has increased in Europe. Longitudinal analysis for individual workers in five countries shows that non-employment generally is worse for mental health than working and that the mental-health payoff to employment varies depending on the type of job contract and working conditions, and pre-existing mental health problems. In particular, the mental health benefits for inactive individuals who obtain a “non-standard” job appear to be smaller than for those moving into standard employment arrangements, especially for persons with preexisting mental health problems.

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