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Nordic Economic Policy Review

Labour Market Consequences of the Economic Crisis

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The Nordic Economic Policy Review is published by the Nordic Council of Ministers and addresses policy issues in a way that is useful for informed non-specialists as well as for professional economists. All articles are commissioned from leading professional economists and are subject to peer review prior to publication. The Nordic Economic Policy Review is published twice a year. The journal is distributed free of charge to members of the Nordic economic associations. The easiest way of subscribing to the NEPR is therefore to become a member of one of these associations, i.e., Denmark: Nationaløkonomisk Forening Finland: Taloustieteellinen Yhdistys Norway: Samfunnsøkonomene Sweden: Nationalekonomiska Föreningen For institutional subscriptions, please contact [email protected] Content: Introduction - Lars Calmfors and Bertil Holmlund Youth unemployment in Europe and the United States: David N.F. Bell and David G. Blanchflower Comment by Oskar Nordström Skans Employment consequences of employment protection legislation - Per Skedinger Comment by Assar Lindbeck Business cycle contingent unemployment insurance - Torben M. Andersen and Michael Svarer Comment by Erik Höglin Is short-time work a good method to keep unemployment down? - Pierre Cahuc and Stéphane Carcillo Comment by Ann-Sofie Kolm What active labor market policy works in a recession? - Anders Forslund, Peter Fredriksson and Johan Vikström Comment by Clas Olsson Regular education as a tool of counter-cyclical employment policy - Christopher Pissarides Comment by Björn Öckert

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Youth unemployment in Europe and the United States

This paper focuses particularly on youth unemployment, why we should be concerned about it, why it is increasing again, how the present difficulties of young people entering the labour market differ from those of the past and what useful lessons have been learned that may guide future policy. We focus on Europe and USA, but introduce evidence from other countries where appropriate. Our analysis of the UK NCDS birth cohort data provides evidence supporting the notion that early adulthood unemployment creates long lasting scars which affect labour market outcomes much later in life. Our chosen variables are weekly wages and happiness. Our results show significant effects at the age of 50 from early adulthood unemployment. These effects are stronger than those of more recent unemployment experiences.

English

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