More Than Just Jobs

Workforce Development in a Skills-Based Economy

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"Job placement” has been the traditional goal of labour and employment policies, but this report argues otherwise. To stay competitive in a globalised economy, governments must also strive to enhance the skills of workers, increase their productivity and provide upward mobility to immigrants and the disadvantaged. This report provides valuable insights into how labour policies can be expanded to meet economic development and social cohesion goals, while also reconciling national and local concerns.   Studies from seven OECD countries are presented (Australia, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States), each analysing attempts to expand workforce development policies and bridge the gap between national and local initiatives. Included are various types of government/private sector partnerships in the United States, regional training in France and Australia’s efforts to customise policies to local needs. Based on the country studies, the report then makes specific recommendations and suggestions on how workforce development policies can be expanded and improved.


The Governance of Workforce Development

Lessons Learned from the OECD Experience

The experience of seven OECD countries illustrates the issues that emerge when a narrow implementation approach is taken that is not adapted to local strategic needs. It shows that there is now a more accurate appraisal of the difference in impact between short-term top-down employment measures and more flexible policies supporting economic and social development in a longer time frame. The lessons from this experience suggest that a balance of efforts is necessary at both the national and local levels in order to maintain the efficiency and accountability of the policy framework. The implementation of programmes should be allowed to receive strategic orientations locally, in a process that ensures greater local differentiation while at the same time ensuring that aggregate national policy goals continue to be met.


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