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More Than Just Jobs

Workforce Development in a Skills-Based Economy

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"Job placement” has been the traditional goal of labour and employment policies, but this report argues otherwise. To stay competitive in a globalised economy, governments must also strive to enhance the skills of workers, increase their productivity and provide upward mobility to immigrants and the disadvantaged. This report provides valuable insights into how labour policies can be expanded to meet economic development and social cohesion goals, while also reconciling national and local concerns.   Studies from seven OECD countries are presented (Australia, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States), each analysing attempts to expand workforce development policies and bridge the gap between national and local initiatives. Included are various types of government/private sector partnerships in the United States, regional training in France and Australia’s efforts to customise policies to local needs. Based on the country studies, the report then makes specific recommendations and suggestions on how workforce development policies can be expanded and improved.

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Japan: Rural Areas' Need for Local Employment Strategies

In Japan, fiscal measures for expanding public works have played an important role in creating jobs in rural areas. However, as financial conditions have deteriorated, there is less room for increasing regional employment through macroeconomic policies such as greater fiscal spending. Meanwhile, economic globalisation and changes in labour supply are widening divergences among regions. Regional communities therefore have all the more need to take the initiative in implementing employment strategies for creating jobs, developing employability and avoiding skills mismatch. This has implications for the distribution of fiscal resources as well for the technical and strategic capacities at local level.

English

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